Sustaining our regional strength

The MTA transit network is the lifeblood of the New York City metro region.

Our 2015–2019 Capital Program is the only way to give the MTA the resources it needs to keep our region thriving against new challenges—from climate change, shifting commuter patterns, overcrowding, and global competition.

Learn why investing in the MTA’s 5—year Capital Program is important to you and your family.

The world's most vibrant region

The MTA connects nearly 20 million diverse residents 24/7 throughout New York City’s thriving metro region.

The MTA efficiently connects over 75% of the population in the tri-state area.

Knit together by transit

The MTA’s physical assets are valued at $1 trillion, boasting more railcars than all other U.S. metro and commuter railroads combined, plus America’s largest bus fleet.

Transit Network

MTA transit ridership exceeds the next 16 largest transit networks combined.

The MTA carries over 1/3 of all U.S. transit riders

The unprecedented scale and reach of the MTA generates sustained benefits supporting social equity, neighborhood growth, and economic strength.

Flat-fare journey vs. tiered-fare structure

MTA Subway and Bus

A flat-fare structure ensures consistent, low transportation costs for New York City residents.

Transport for London

A tiered-fare structure means higher fares for residents with longer commutes.

Flat fare journey vs. Tiered fare structure

New York was ranked 4th most affordable transportation network in a 2014 analysis of 15 major international cities.

Flat fares benefit household budgets*

Flat fares positively benefit household budgets

The MTA extends access to educational opportunity

Students throughout New York City rely on the MTA to access the city’s thousands of public and private schools from elementary school to post-graduate study.


of New York City's 1.3 million public, private, charter school children receive subsidized MetroCards


of CUNY students commute by subway or bus, with usage exceeding 90% for Manhattan locations



MTA investments in a new waterfront bus route and continued investment in subway infrastructure have supported growth in Williamsburg and Brooklyn.


Far West Side

Hudson Yards, the largest private real estate development in the nation’s history, is a transformative redevelopment made possible by a massive investment in public transit— through a 1.5 mile extension of the 7 train to the Far West Side.

Developers have already committed to build over 20M square feet of office space, 6,000 housing units, and 3,500 hotel rooms within the Hudson Yards District, which is projected to also include a new school and over 12 acres of usable open space.

Long Island City

Long Island City

MTA investments in new signals for the 7 line will support rapid residential growth.

Long Island

Long Island

Proposed transit-oriented developments are attracting significant investment in LIRR-connected cities such as Ronkonkoma, Wyandanch, Hempstead, Brentwood, and Farmingdale.



Towns and cities along Metro-North lines like Yonkers and New Rochelle have developed active mixed-use downtowns that rely on transit access.

The MTA brings commuters to work

The percentage of workers in New York City who use transit is 7 times greater than the national average.



Of Workers

in the New York metro area live in
neighborhoods served by public transit


The MTA connects visitors from around the world

The number of visitors to New York City has significantly increased during the MTA’s revitalization.



are injected annually into the New York economy
by international tourists using the MTA

Times Square

The MTA extends access to parks, beaches, and trails

Metro-North stations offer trail-head access to dramatic vistas of the Hudson Valley.

The LIRR provides fast and frequent service to the windswept beauty of the Sunken Forest and Shelter Island.

Within NYC, MTA subway and buses connect to 39,000 acres of parkland and 14 miles of beaches.

Keeping the MTA moving

Maintaining the MTA and its regional benefits requires significant investment. Learn about the history and importance of the MTA Capital Program.


"It is absolutely urgent to arrest the accelerating physical deterioration of the region’s transportation system and restore it to a state of good repair."

The MTA Capital Program is the primary vehicle for continued reinvestment in our region’s transit network. The MTA Capital Program enables the MTA to achieve three goals.

Over 30 years, the Capital Program has invested nearly $150B in the MTA transit network, ensuring its ability to serve our region

(2014 $)



Reversing decline

The MTA prioritized investments that reversed years of decline in quality of service and stations. 75% of Capital Program funding was directed toward maintenance and equipment replacement.


Improvements and expansion

Since 2000, MTA investments in system improvement and network expansion have increased, including updating signal technology.

The MTA Capital Program has improved
your commute

NYCT subways before and after the Capital Program

Operational improvements made because of the Capital Program have increased subway capacity by about 1 million passengers since 1986. Improvements must now be made to accommodate the next million.

Annual ridership has increased by 72%


On-time performance has improved by 14%


Mean distance between failure has increased by 2,034%


NYCT buses before and after the Capital Program

Annual ridership has increased by 32%


On-time performance has improved by 6%


Mean distance between failure has increased by 425%


Annual ridership has increased by 73%


On-time performance has improved by 17%


Train delays have
decreased by 85%


Mean distance between failure has increased by 746%


Annual ridership has increased by 19%


On-time performance has improved by 6%


Train delays have decreased by 47%


Mean distance between failure has increased by 1,173%


New Challenges Ahead

The New York metro region faces challenges that differ from those of the past.

New dynamics are reshaping the New York City metro region such as unprecedented storm damage, new preferences for urban living, changing geography of employment and our position as a global market.

Unprecedented Storm Damage

Superstorm Sandy’s storm surge caused over $25 billion in damage to our region.

New Preferences for Urban Living

More residents are moving to NYC than to Long Island, New Jersey, and the southwestern Connecticut suburbs combined.

Changing Geography
of Employment

Growth in commutes to neighboring boroughs and counties has outpaced growth in traditional commutes to Manhattan’s central business district.

A Global Market for Labor, Capital, and Ideas

The move to a more global economy has leveled the playing field between NYC’s metro region and its global peers.

These dynamics pose four major challenges
to regional transit

Destructive Impacts of Climate Change

Superstorm Sandy exposed the need to improve the region’s infrastructure resiliency.


Crowding from Growing Ridership

Record-level ridership has led to system-wide crowding.


Shifting Ridership Demand

Job growth outside of Manhattan’s CBD is creating new commuting patterns.


Increased Global Competition

London and other cities seek to unseat New York as a global leader.


Superstorm Sandy brought the region to its knees in 2012

Closure of 7 subway tunnels, and the Amtrak tunnels to Penn Station

Destruction of the South Ferry subway station and the Broad Channel subway viaduct

Corrosion damage to critical signal systems

Destructive impacts of climate change

Long Island

Flooding of Amtrak tunnels to Penn Station cut LIRR service by 65%

Long Beach LIRR branch washed out

Hudson River Valley

Greatly restricted service to Grand Central

Significant water damage and washouts to West of Hudson Metro-North service

Outer-borough jobs have increased.

The number of outer-borough residents commuting to non-Manhattan jobs grew at a faster rate than those commuting to Manhattan jobs.*

  • Commute Within Borough
  • Commute to Manhattan
  • *From 1990-2008
Outer-borough job growth

Reverse-commute ridership on Metro-North has quadrupled.*

As of 2012, Metro-North service supports the nation’s #1 reverse-commute market. Suburban employment hubs comprise two out of five highest Metro-North stations by ridership at peak hours during the weekday morning commute.

*Since 1985

Reverse-commute ridership on Metro-North

Stamford, CT

During peak hours, more people commute to Stamford than from Stamford.

Fordham, the Bronx

At Metro-North’s Fordham station, 7 times as many riders travel to points north than commute to New York City.

Ridership on NYC subways

Lexington Line

Explosive growth resulted in congestion and poor service. This line carries 1.3 million riders each weekday, exceeding the combined ridership of San Francisco, Chicago, and Boston.

Crowding on the Metro-North and LIRR

Both railroads face capacity constraints. Major increases in commuter rail ridership took place as investments from the Capital Program rejuvenated the network.

on Metro-North and LIRR in 2013

Fundamental track/tunnel constraints at Penn Station limit capacity at peak hours.

Contesting New York City’s status as a global leader.

New York City outperforms most cities overall, but the comparatively slow pace of capital investment in transportation is a factor in preventing it from achieving global preeminence, according to a recent PriceWaterhouseCoopers® study.

Why the MTA Capital Program matters to you

The MTA has framed its Capital Program
around three themes:
Renew, enhance, and expand.


Protect the safety, reliability, and quality of existing MTA services.


Improve the customer experience of the MTA network.


Extend the network to ease crowding and support growth.


Commit to the continued health of regional transit.


NYC Transit

Replace signals, tracks, switches, train cars, and buses to reinforce the strength of the transit network.


Renovate the GCT train shed and system-wide signal upgrades to boost system resiliency.


Continued railcar replacement and an overhaul of the Jamaica interlocking will aid reliability.


NYC Transit

Improve in-station communications, expand ADA accessibility, and elevate the customer experience.


Restore Harlem Line stations and new GCT customer information technology.


Renovate Babylon, Nostrand Avenue, and Hunterspoint Avenue to improve service quality.


NYC Transit

Continue the Second Avenue Subway extension and expand Bus Rapid Transit across the city.


Provide new, fast rail service to Penn Station for residents of the Northeast Bronx through Penn Access.


Enable service expansion with East Side Access.


2010-2014 5-Year Capital Program

80% of budget = Renew and Enhance (Core Projects) Core projects scheduled for completion by December 31st 2014: 83% were completed on or under budget

An initial examination of capital reinvestment levels suggests that MTA’s rate of investment is significantly lower than those of comparable private firms.


Full Investment

social equity

660 miles for a single fare

For the price of a latte, New Yorkers can access 24 subway lines and 200+ bus routes.


Enhancing MTA station elevators ensures that everybody keeps moving.

24/7 access

Transit's there night and day for all New Yorkers.

Partial Investment

social equity

Higher fares

Reduced capital investment can lead to greater fare increases.

Degrading service

Degrading service can lead to more wait times and longer commutes.


Delayed improvements to station accessibility can leave the most vulnerable New Yorkers behind.


Full Investment

Promoting vibrant

Boosts capacity

New signal systems on the L line will mean 2,000 less people crowding your morning commute.

Supports reverse commuting

Better transit means a broader transit pool and customer base.

Improves community access

New Select Bus Service routes open up access to business, entertainment and culture in growing neighborhoods.

Partial Investment

economic risk

Longer commutes

Reduced capital investment opens the door to breakdowns, service interruptions, and commuting headaches.

Limited workforce

Reduced investment can limit access to a diverse workforce.

Reduced access

Underserved communities will stay that way; limiting both growth and opportunity.


Full Investment

economic growth


If your job moves from Inwood to Crown Heights, the flat fare is still there for you.


A fortified network prepared for emergencies gets things back on track and back to business faster!

$18B Annually

World travelers love NYC to the tune of $18B annually. And 65% of those visitors ride the subway.

$36B Annually

Regional commuters bring back to their counties $36B in income annually.

Partial Investment

economic risk


Over-crowding can lead to longer commutes and decreased productivity.


Reduced capital investment means being unprepared for the next Superstorm Sandy.

Tourism slowdown

Poor service can lead to prospective tourists spending their dollars elsewhere.

Commuting stress

Harder commutes make jobs less desirable and limit the attractiveness of your business.

Sustained investment in the MTA's Capital Program ensures the necessary funding for our region's most critical infrastructure - the MTA's transit network - and positions the New York City metro region and New York State for continued growth and prosperity.

Tell your friends how important the MTA Capital Program is to the New York City metro region's future.